CURRICULUM VITAE

 

Michael B. McElroy

 

Pierce Hall 100E                                                                                  1 Bryant Street

Harvard University                                                                                Cambridge, MA  02138

Cambridge, MA  02138                                                                       (617) 868-7409

(617) 495-4359

 

 

Professional Experience

 

2001 to 2004.   Director, Harvard University Center for the Environment.

 

1996 to present.  Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass., Gilbert Butler Professor of Environmental

Studies.

 

1991 to 2001.  Chairman of University Committee on Environment

 

1986 to 2000.  Chairman of the Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences,  Harvard University.

 

1970 to 1996.  Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. Abbott Lawrence Rotch Professor of Atmospheric Sciences in the Division of Applied Sciences.

 

1991 to present.  Chairman of University Committee on Environment.

 

1993.  Chairman of Committee to Establish Undergraduate Concentration in Environmental Science and Public Policy.

 

1995.  Chairman, MEDEA, Task Force appointed by Vice-President Gore to advise on Environmental Aspects of U.S. Intelligence.

 

1970 to 1986. Member of the Center for Earth and Planetary Physics.

 

1975 to 1978.  Director of the Center for Earth and Planetary Physics, Harvard University.

 

1963 to 1970.  Kitt Peak National Observatory, Tucson, Arizona.  Planetary Sciences Division.  Physicist.

 

(1967-1970), Associate Physicist (1965-1967), Assistant Physicist (1963-1965).

 

1962 to 1963.  University of Wisconsin, Theoretical Chemistry Institute, Madison, Wisconsin.  Post-doctoral appointment.

 

1977. Co-founder and Chairman of the Board, Atmospheric and Environmental Research Inc., Cambridge, MA.

 

1977 to present. Director, Atmospheric and Environmental Research Inc., Cambridge, MA.

 

 

Education

 

Queen's University, Belfast, Northern Ireland

B.A.(with honors) in Applied Mathematics, 1960.

  Ph.D. in Applied Mathematics, 1962.

 

Awards

 

1968 - James B. Macelwane Award by the American Geophysical Union for "outstanding contributions in the field of planetary atmospheres."

 

1977 - The American Association for the Advancement of Science "Newcomb Cleveland Prize." Awarded collectively to all the participants in the Viking mission.

 

1978 - NASA Public Service Medal.

 

1987 - Eire Society Gold Medal Award.

 

1989 - George Ledlie Prize for the person at Harvard University who "since the last awarding of said prize, has by research, discovery, or otherwise made the most valuable contribution to science, or in any way for the benefit of mankind."

 

1989 - Research and Development Award, National Energy Resources Organization.

 

1991 - Honorary DSc., Queen's University of Belfast, N. Ireland.

 

Professional Society Memberships

 

American Academy of Arts and Sciences (Fellow and Councillor).

American Astronomical Society

American Geophysical Union (Fellow).

American Association for the Advancement of Science (Fellow).

International Academy of Astronautics (Fellow).

 

Personal

 

Born May 18, 1939.  Married, two children.

 

Membership on Committees

 

NASA:  Stratospheric Research Advisory Committee

       Space and Earth Science Advisory Committee

       Weather, Climate, and Oceans Advisory Subcommittee

       Advisory Council Subcommittee for New Directions

 

U.S. Congress:  Space Program Advisory Panel, Office of Technology Assessment

 

National Academy of Sciences:

     

      Committee on Science, Engineering and Public Policy

       Panel on Global Tropospheric Chemistry

       Committee on the Atmospheric Effects of Nuclear Explosions

       Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate

       Space Science Board

       Committee for the International Geosphere/Biosphere Program

 

U.S. Government:  Environmental Task Force

 

 

 

PUBLICATIONS

Michael B. McElroy

 

*** Professor McElroy has 81 previous publications from 1962 through 1974***

 

1975

 

 

McElroy, M.B.

Chemical processes in the solar system:  A kinetic perspective.  Chemical Kinetics, International

Review of Science, Physical Chemistry, Vol. 9, p. 127.

 

Wofsy, S.C. , McElroy, M.B., and Sze, N.D. Freon consumption:  implications for atmospheric ozone. Science, Vol. 187, pp. 535-537.

 

Wofsy, S.C., McElroy, M.B., and Yung, Y.L. The chemistry of atmospheric bromine.  Geophysical

Research Letters, Vol. 2, No. 6, p. 215.

 

Yung, Y.L., McElroy, M.B., and Wofsy, S.C. Atmospheric halocarbons:  A discussion with emphasis on chloroform.  Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 2, No. 9.

 

 

 

 

1976

 

Fang, T.M., Smyth, W.H., and McElroy, M.B. The spatial distribution of long lived gas cloudsemitted by satellites in the outer solar system. Planetary and Space Science, Vol. 24, p. 577.

 

McElroy, M.B.

Man's impact on the global environment:  some recent problems in atmospheric pollution.  Atomic Processes and Applications, P.G. Burke and B.L. Moiseiwitsch, eds., p. 71, North Holland Pub. Co.

 

McElroy, M.B. Threats to the atmosphere.  Harvard Magazine, February, p. l9.

 

McElroy, M.B., and Kong, T. Y.

Oxidation of the Martian surface:  constraints due to chemical processes in the atmosphere.  Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 3 No. 9, p. 569.

 

McElroy, M.B. and Yung, Y.L.

Oxygen isotopes in the Martian atmosphere: implications for the evolution of volatiles.

Planetary and Space Science, Vol. 24, p. 1107.

 

McElroy, M.B., Elkins, J.W.  Wofsy, S.C., and Yung, Y.L. Sources and sinks for atmospheric N2O.

Reviews of Geophysics and Space Physics, Vol. 14, p. 143.

 

McElroy, M.B., Kong, T.Y., Yung Y.L. and Nier, A.O. Composition and structure of the Martian upper atmosphere.  Science, Vol. 194, p. 1295.

 

McElroy, M.B., Yung, Y.L., and Nier, A.O. Isotopic composition of nitrogen:  implications for the past history of Mars' atmosphere.  Science, Vol. 194, No. 4260, p. 70.

 

Nier, A.O., Hanson, W.B., Seiff, A., McElroy, M.B., Spencer, N.W., Duckett, R.J., Knight, T.C.D., and Cook, W.S. Composition and structure of the Martian atmosphere: preliminary results from Viking 1.  Science, Vol. 193, No. 4255, p. 786.

 

Nier, A.O., McElroy, M.B., and Yung, Y.L. Isotopic composition of the Martian atmosphere.

Science, Vol. 194, no. 4260, p. 68.

 

Yung, Y.L. and McElroy, M.B. Stability of an oxygen atmosphere on Ganymede.

Icarus, 30, p. 97.

 

1977

 

Kong, T.Y. and McElroy, M.B. Photochemistry of the Martian atmosphere. Icarus, Vol. 32, pp. 168-189.

 

Kong, T.Y. and McElroy, M.B. The global distribution of O3 on Mars. Planetary and Space Science, Vol. 25, p. 839.

 

Logan, J.A. and McElroy, M.B. Distribution functions for energetic oxygen atoms in

the earth's lower atmosphere.  Planetary and Space Science, Vol. 25, p. 117.

 

 

McElroy, M.B., Kong, T.Y., and Yung, Y.L. Photochemistry and evolution of Mars' atmosphere:  a

Viking perspective.  Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 82, No. 28, pp. 4379-4388.

 

 

McElroy, M.B., Wofsy, S.C. and Yung, Y.L.

The nitrogen cycle:  perturbations due to man and their impact on atmospheric N2O and O3.

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, B,  277, p. 159.

 

Nier, A.O. and McElroy, M.B. Composition and structure of Mars' upper atmosphere:

results from the neutral mass spectrometers on Vikings 1 and 2.  Journal of Geophysical Research,

Vol. 82, No. 28, p. 4341.

 

Penner, J.E., McElroy, M.B. and Wofsy, S.C. Sources and sinks for atmospheric H2:   a

current analysis with projections for the influence of anthropogenic activity.  Planetary and Space

Science, Vol. 25, pp. 521-540.

 

Smyth, W.B. and McElroy, M.B. The sodium and hydrogen gas clouds of Io. Planetary and Space Science, Vol. 25, p. 415.

 

Wofsy, S.C. and McElroy, M.B. Auroral recombination of N and O:  a possible source

for emission of the UPSILON and delta bands of NO. Planetary and Space Science, Vol. 25, p. 1021.

 

Yung, Y.L., Strobel, D.F., Kong, T.Y. and McElroy, M.B. Photochemistry of nitrogen in the Martian atmosphere. Icarus, Vol. 30, p. 26.

 

 

1978

 

Elkins, J.W., McElroy, M.B., Kolb, C.E., Kaplan, W.A. Aquatic sources and sinks for nitrous oxide. Nature, Vol. 175, pp. 602-606.

 

Kaplan, W.A., Elkins, J.W., Kolb, C.E., McElroy, M.B., Wofsy, S.C. and Duran, A.P.   Nitrous oxide in fresh water systems:  an estimate for the yield of atmospheric N 2O associated

with disposal of human waste.  Pure and Applied Geophysics, Vol. 116, pp. 423-438.

 

Logan, J.A. , Prather, M.J., Wofsy, S.C. and McElroy, M.B. Atmospheric chemistry:  response to human influence. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, 290,

pp. 187-234.

 

 

McElroy, M.B., Elkins, J.W., Wofsy, S.C., Kolb, C.E., Duran, A.P. and Kaplan, W.A. 

Production and release of N2O from the Potomac estuary.  Limnology and Oceanography, Vol.

23, pp. 1168-1182.

 

Prather, M.J., Logan, J.A. and McElroy, M.B. Carbon monoxide in Jupiter's upper atmosphere:  an

extraplanetary source.  The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 223, pp. 1072-1081.

 

Prather, M.J., McElroy, M.B, and Rodriguez, J. Photoelectrons in the upper atmosphere:  a formulation incorporating effects of transport.  Planetary and Space Science, Vol. 26, pp. 131-138.

 

Smyth, W.H. and McElroy, M.B. Io's sodium cloud:  comparison of models and two

dimensional images.  Astrophysical Journal. Vol. 226, pp. 336-346.

 

1979

 

Brace, L.H., Theis, R.F., Krehbiel, J.P., Nagy, A.F.,Donahue, T.M., McElroy, M.B. and Pedersen, A. Electron temperatures and densities in the Venus ionosphere:  Pioneer Venus orbiter electron temperature probe results.  Science, Vol. 203, pp. 763-765.

 

Hoffman, J.H., Hodges, R.R., McElroy, M.B., Donahue, T.M., and Kolpin, M. 

Venus lower atmospheric composition:  preliminary results from Pioneer Venus.  Science, Vol. 203, pp. 800-802.

 

Hoffman, M.H., Hodges, R.R., McElroy, M.B., Donahue, T.M., and Kolpin, M. 

Composition and structure of the Venus atmosphere: results from Pioneer Venus.  Science, Vol. 205, pp. 49-52.

 

Logan, J.A., McElroy, M.B., Wofsy, S.C. and Prather, M.J. Oxidation of CS2 and COS:  sources for

atmospheric SO2.  Nature, Vol. 281, pp. 185-188.

 

McElroy, M.B. The continuing challenges of planetary exploration. Astronautics and Aeronautics, Vol. 17, No. 10, pp. 30-35.

 

Prather, M.J., McElroy, M.B., Wofsy, S.C. and Logan, J.A. Stratospheric chemistry:  multiple solutions. Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 6, p. 163.

 

Sandel, B.R., Shemansky, D.E., Broadfoot, A.L., Bertaux, J.L., Blamont, J.E., Belton, M.J.S., Ajello, J.M., Holberg, J.B., Atreya, S.K., Donahue, T.J., Moos, H.W., Strobel,

D.F., McConnell, J.C., Dalgarno, A., Goody, R., McElroy, M.B. and Takacs, P.Z. 

Extreme ultraviolet observations from Voyager 2 encounter with Jupiter.  Science, Vol. 206,

pp. 962-966.

 

Yung, Y.L. and McElroy, M.B.

Fixation of nitrogen in the prebiotic atmosphere.

Science, Vol. 203, pp. 1002-1004.

 

 

1980

 

Elkins, J.W., Wofsy, S.C., McElroy, M.B., and Kaplan, W.A. Nitrification and production of N2O in the Potomac:  evidence for variability.  Proc. of Symposium on Nutrient Enrichment.

 

Goody, R., McElroy , M.B., and Morrison, P. Human issues in space exploration.  American

Academy of Arts and Sciences Bull., Vol. 23, pp. 10-13.

 

Goreau, T.J., Kaplan, W.A., Wofsy, S.C., McElroy, M.B. Production of NO2- and N sub 2 O by

nitrifying bacteria at reduced concentrations of oxygen. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Vol. 40, pp. 526-532.

 

Hoffman, J.H., Hodges, R.R., Donahue, T.J., and McElroy, M.B.   Composition of the Venus lower

atmosphere from the Pioneer Venus mass spectrometer.  J. Geophysical Research, Vol. 85, pp. 7882-7890.

 

McElroy, M.B., Wofsy, S.C., Sze, N. Dak Photochemical sources for atmospheric H sub 2 S.

Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 14, pp. 159-163.

 

1981

 

Lipschultz, F., Zafiriou, O.C., Wofsy, S.C., McElroy, M.B., Valois, F.W. and Watson, S.W. 

Production of NO and N2O by soil nitrifying bacteria.  Nature, Vol. 294, pp. 641-643.

 

Logan, J.A., Prather, M.J., Wofsy, S.C., and McElroy, M.B. Tropospheric  chemistry:  a global perspective. J. Geophs. Res. Vol. 86, 7210-7254.

 

McElroy, M.B. Sources and sinks for nitrous oxide.  Proc. of NATO Algarve, Portugal, October 1-13, 1979; U.S. Dept. Transportation Report No. FAA-EE-80-20.

 

McElroy, M.B. Chemistry of the Stratosphere.  Man and Stratospheric Ozone, Vols. I and II, F.A. Bower, Ed., CRC Press, Inc. (In press.)

 

McElroy, M.B. and Prather, M.J. Noble gases in the terrestrial planets:  clues to evolution.  Nature, Vol. 293, pp. 535-539.

 

Wofsy, S.C., McElroy, M.B., and Elkins, J.W. Transformations of nitrogen in a polluted estuary:

nonlinearities in the demand for oxygen at low flow. Science, Vol. 213, pp. 754-757.

 

1982

 

Fox, J.L., Wofsy, S.C., McElroy, M.B., and Prather, M.J. A stratospheric chemical instability.  J. Geophys. Res. Vol. 87, pp. 11,126-11,132.

 

 

McElroy, M.B., Prather, M.J., and Rodriguez, J.M. Escape of hydrogen from Venus.  Science, Vol. 215, pp. 1614-1615.

 

McElroy, M.B., Prather M.J., and Rodriguez, J.M. Loss of oxygen from Venus.  Geophys. Res.

Lett. 9, pp. 649-651.

 

McElroy, M.B. Stratospheric chemistry:  progress and problems Amer. Inst. Physics Conference Proceedings, Interpretation of Climate and Photochemical Models Ozone and Temperature Measurements, La Jolla Institute, 1981, pp. 173-181.

 

1983

 

Hashimoto, L.K., Kaplan, W.A. and McElroy, M.B. Transformation of fixed nitrogen and N2O in the Cariaco Trench.  Deep Sea Res., Vol. 30, pp. 575-590.

 

Keller, M., Wofsy, S.C., Goreau, T.J., Kaplan, W.A. and McElroy, M.B.

Production of nitrous oxide and consumption of methane by forest soils.  Geophys. Res. Lett., 10, pp. 1156-1159.

 

McElroy, M.B. Marine biological controls on atmospheric CO2 and climate.  Nature, Vol. 302, pp. 328-329.

 

McElroy, M.B. Atmospheric Composition:  influence of biology.  Planet. Space Sci., Vol. 31, pp. 1065-1074.

 

McElroy, M.B. Global atmospheric and climatic change.  On the Fate of the Earth: Conservation and Security in a Sustainable Society, First Biennial Conference, New York, October 19-21,

1982; Earth Island Inst., San Francisco, Ca., pp. 312-322.

 

Prather, M.J. and McElroy, M.B. Helium on Venus:  Implications for uranium and thorium.

Science, Vol. 220, pp. 410-411.

 

Wofsy, S.C., Fox, L.E. and McElroy, M.B. Prediction of phytoplankton abundance in polluted rivers, (submitted to Env. Sci. and Tech.).

 

McElroy, M.B. Global Change:  A Biogeochemical Perspective National Aeronautics and Space Administration

 

1984

 

Bolin, B. and McElroy, M.B. A Geosphere-Biosphere Research Program International Council of Scientific Unions Symposium on Global Change.(in press).

 

Ko, M.K.W., Sze, N.D., Livshits, M. and McElroy, M.B. The seasonal and latitudinal behavior of trace gases and O3 as simulated by a two-dimensional model of the atmosphere.

J. Atmos. Sci., Vol. 41, p. 2381.

 

Knox, F. and McElroy, M.B. Changes in Atmospheric CO2:  influence of the marine biota at high latitude. J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 89, pp. 4629-4637.

 

Prather, M.J., Wofsy, S.C. and McElroy, M.B. Reductions in ozone at high concentrations of

stratospheric halogens. Nature, Vol. 312, pp. 227-231.

 

Rodriguez, J.M., Prather, M.J. and McElroy, M.B. "Hydrogen on Venus":  Exospheric Distribution and Escape. Planet. and Space Sci., Vol. 32, pp. 1235-1255.

 

1985

 

Ennever-Knox, F. and McElroy, M.B. Changes in Atmospheric CO2:  factors regulating the glacial to interglacial transition. Geophysical Monograph Vol. 32, reprinted from,  "The Carbon Cycle and Atmospheric CO2: Natural Variations Archean to Present (AGU).  154-162.

 

1986

 

Wofsy, S.C. and McElroy, M.B. Tropical forests:  interactions with the atmosphere.

Symposium Volume, Tropical Forest and World Atmosphere, reviewed by AAAS, pgs. 33-60.

(edited by, Ghillean Prance).

 

McElroy, M.B., R.S. Salawitch, S.C. Wofsy and J.A, Logan. Antarctic Ozone:  Reductions due to synergistic interactions of chlorine and bromine. Nature, Vol. 321, 759-762.

 

Hao, W.M., S.C. Wofsy, M.B. McElroy, W.F. Farmayan, M.A. Toqan, J.M. Beer, M.S. Zahniser, J.A. Silver and C.E. Kolb. Nitrous oxide emission from coal, oil and gas furnace

flames. Combustion Science and Tech., Vol. 55, 23-32.

 

McElroy, M.B. and A. Dalgarno. Photodissociation of O2 (a 1 D g) in the a 1 D g --> C3 Du Transition.

Geophys. Res. Lett., 13, 660-663.

 

Ko, M.K.W., M.B. McElroy, D.K. Weisenstein and N.D. Sze. Lightning:  a possible source of stratospheric odd nitrogen.

J. Geophys. Res., 91, 5395-5404.

 

McElroy, M.B., R.S. Salawitch and S.C. Wofsy. Antarctic O3:  An Assessment of Mechanisms for the Spring Decrease.

Geophys. Res. Lett., 13, 1296-1299.

 

1987

 

Hao, W.M., S.C. Wofsy, M.B. McElroy, J.M. Beer and M.A. Toqan. Sources of Atmospheric Nitrous Oxide from Combustion.

J. Geophys. Res., 92, 3098-3104.


 

Jacob, D.J., M.J. Prather, S.C. Wofsy, and M.B. McElroy. Atmospheric Distribution of  85Kr Simulated with a General Circulation Model.

J. Geophys. Res., 92, 6614-6626.

 

Prather, M.J., M.B. McElroy, S.C. Wofsy, G. Russell, and D. Rind. Chemistry of the Global Troposphere:  Fluorocarbons as Tracers of Air Motion.

J. Geophys. Res., 92, 6579-6613.

 

1988

McElroy, M. B. Antarctic Ozone:  A New Challenge. In Recent Studies in Atomic and Molecular Processes. Edited by Arthur E. Kingston Plenum Publishing Company, London.

 

McElroy, M.B., R.J. Salawitch, and S.C. Wofsy. Chemistry of the Antarctic Stratosphere.

Planet. Space Sci., 36, 73-87.

 

Hao, W.M., S.C. Wofsy, M.B. McElroy, W.F. Farmayan, M.A. Toqan, J.M. Beer, M.S. Zahniser, J.A. Silver, C.E. Kolb. Nitrous oxide emission from coal, oil and gas furnace.

Combust. Sci. and Tech., 55, 23-32.

 

Wofsy, S.C., M.J. Molina, R.J. Salawitch, L.E. Fox, and M.B. McElroy. Interactions between HCl, NO x, and H2O Ice in the Antarctic Stratosphere:  Implications for Ozone.

J. Geophys. Res., 93, 2442-2450.

 

Salawitch, R.J., S.C. Wofsy, M.B. McElroy. Chemistry of OClO in the Antarctic Stratosphere:  Implications for Bromine.

Planet. Space Sci., 36, 213-224.

 

Salawitch, R. J., S.C. Wofsy, and M.B. McElroy. Influence of Polar Stratospheric Clouds on the Depletion of Antarctic Ozone.

Geophys. Res. Lett., 15, 871-874.

 

McElroy, M.B. The Challenge of Global Change.

New Scientist, 34-36.

 

1989

 

McElroy, M. B. The Challenge of Global Change.

BULLETIN The American Academy of Sciences, Vol. XLII, February, pp.25-38.

 

McElroy, M.B., and R. J. Salawitch. Changing Composition of the Global Stratosphere.

Science, 243, 763-770.

 

Salawitch, R. J., G.P. Gobbi, S. C. Wofsy and M.B. McElroy. Denitrification in the Antarctic Stratosphere.

Nature, 339, 525-527.

 

McElroy, M.B., and R.J. Salawitch. Stratospheric Ozone:  Impact of Human Activity.

Planetary Space Sci., 37, 1653-1672.

 

 

McElroy, M.B., Studies of Polar Ice: Insights for Atmospheric Chemistry,

In, Report of the  Dahlem Workshop on The Environmental  Record in Glaciers and Ice Sheets, p. 363, H. Oeschger and C. C. Langway, Jr., editors. John Wiley and Sons.

 

Hecht, A. D., et al., Group Report: Long-term Core Records and Global Environmental Changes,

In, Report of the Dahlem Workshop on The Environmental Record in Glaciers and Ice Sheets, p. 379, H. Oeschger and C. C. Langway, Jr., editors. John Wiley and Sons.

 

1990

 

Wofsy, S.C., G.P. Gobbi, R.J. Salawitch and M.B. McElroy. Nucleation of Nitric Acid Trihydrate Particles in the Polar Stratosphere.

J. Atmos. Science, 47, 2004-2012.

 

Salawitch, R. J., J. H. Yatteau, S. C. Wofsy, and M. B. McElroy. Mechanism for denitrification of the polar stratosphere.

Geophys. Res. Lett., 17, 449-452.

 

Wofsy, S. C., J. H. Yatteau, R. J. Salawitch, M.B. McElroy, G. C. Toon, W.B. Mankin, and M. T. Coffey.

Heterogeneous conversion of COF2 to HF in polar stratospheric clouds. Geophys. Res. Lett., 17, 461-464.

 

Yatteau, J. H., S. C. Wofsy, R. J. Salawitch, M. B. McElroy, M. R. Schoeberl, L. R. Lait, P. A. Newman, A. Torres, T. Jorgensen, W. G. Mankin, M. T. Coffey, G. C. Toon, M. Loewenstein, J. R. Podolske, S. E. Strahan, K. R. Chan and M. H. Proffit,

Effects of atmospheric transport on column abundances of nitrogen and chlorine compounds in the Arctic stratosphere.

Geophys. Res. Lett., 17, 533-536.

 

Salawitch, R.J., M. B. McElroy, J. H. Yatteau, S. C. Wofsy, M. R. Schoeberl, L. R. Lait, P. A. Newman, K. R. Chan, M. Loewenstein, J. R. Podolske, S. E. Strahan and M. H. Proffit,

Loss of Ozone in the Vortex for the Winter of 1989.

Geophys. Res. Lett., 17, 561-564.

 

McElroy, M.B.   Life on Earth: Lessons from the Past , Challenges for the Future,

In, Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Environmental Future, p. 70, N. Polunin and Sir J. H. Burnett, editors. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.

 

Spivakovsky, C. M., R. Yevich, J. A. Logan, S. C. Wofsy, and M. B. McElroy, Tropospheric OH in a Three-Dimensional Chemical Tracer Model:  An Assessment Based on observations of CH3 CCl3,

JGR, 95, 18,441-18,471.

 

1991

 

Marino, B. D. and M. B. McElroy, The Isotopic Composition of Carbon in C4 Plant Cellulose:  A

Proxy for the Isotopic Composition of Carbon in Atmospheric CO2. Nature, 349.


 

1992

 

McElroy, M. B., R. J. Salawitch and K. Minschwaner, The Changing Stratosphere, Planet. Space Sci., 40, 373-401.

 

Marino, B. D., M. B. McElroy and R. J. Salawitch,Glacial-to-Interglacial Variations in D13 C for

Atmospheric CO sub 2. Nature, 357, 461-466.

 

Minschwaner, K. and M. B. McElroy, A Model for the Energy Budget of the Earth:  Comparisons with Data from the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment. Planet. Space Sci., 40, 1237-1250.

 

Minschwaner, K. and M. B. McElroy, Radiative Constraints on the Energy Budget of the Tropical

Atmosphere, Planetary Space Sci., 40, 1585-1597.

 

Minschwaner, K., R. J. Salawitch and M. B. McElroy, Production of O3 in the Upper Stratosphere and Mesosphere. to be submitted, J. Geophys. Res.

 

1993

 

Minschwaner, K., R.J. Salawitch, and M.B. McElroy, Absorption of Solar Radiation by O2:  Implications for O3 and Lifetimes of N2O, CFCl3, and CF2Cl2, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 10,543-10,561.

 

1994

 

McElroy, M. B.  Climate of the Earth: An Overview, Environmental Pollution, 83, 3-21.

 

Wofsy, S. C., K. A. Boering, B. C. Daube, Jr., M. B. McElroy, M. Loewenstein, J. R. Podolske, J. W. Elkins, G. S. Dutton, and D. W. Fahey, Vertical transport rates in the stratosphere in

1993 from observations of CO2, N2O and CH4, Geophys. Res. Lett., 21, 2571-2574.

 

1995

 

McElroy, M. B., Changes in Climates of the Past: Lessons for the Future, In, Planet Earth: Problems and Prospects, J. H. Spencer, editor. McGill, Queens University Press.

 

1996

 

McElroy, M. B., and D. B. A. Jones, Evidence for an Additional Source of Atmospheric N2O, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 10, 651-659.

 

1997

 

Norton, F. L., III, E. Hausman, and M. B. McElroy, Hydrospheric Transports,

the Oxygen Isotope Record, and Tropical Sea Surface Temperatures During the Last Glacial Maximum, Paleoceanography, 12, 15-22.

 

 

McElroy, Michael B. and Chris P. Nielsen. Energy, agriculture, and the environment: Prospects

for Sino-American cooperation. Chapter 9 in Living with China: U.S.-China relations in the

Twenty-first Century, edited by Ezra Vogel. New York: W. W. Norton.

 

1998

 

Jones, D. B. A., H. R. Schneider, and M. B. McElroy, Effects of the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation on

the Zonally Averaged Transport of Tracers, JGR, 103, 11,235-11,249.

 

 

McElroy, Michael B. , Chapter 6: Industrial growth, air pollution and environmental damage:

Complex challenges for China. In Energizing China: Reconciling environmental protection and

economic growth, McElroy, M., C. Nielsen, and P. Lydon, eds. Cambridge, MA:

Harvard University Committee on Environment (distributed by Harvard University Press).

 

 

McElroy, Michael B., Chris P. Nielsen, and Peter Lydon, eds. , Energizing China: Reconciling

environmental protection and economic growth. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University

Committee on Environment (distributed by Harvard University Press).

Nielsen, Chris P. and Michael B. McElroy., Chapter 1: Introduction and overview. In Energizing

China: Reconciling environmental protection and economic growth, McElroy, M., C. Nielsen,

and P. Lydon, eds. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Committee on Environment (distributed

by Harvard University Press).

 

 

1999

 

Hausman, E. and M. B. McElroy, Role of sea-surface temperature and ocean circulation changes

in the reorganization of the global carbon cycle at the last glacial termination, Global

Biogeochemical Cycles, 13, 371-381.

 

 

Jones, D. B. A., H. R. Schneider, and M. B. McElroy, An analysis of the mechanisms for the QBO

in ozone in the tropical and subtropical lower stratosphere, submitted to J. Geophys. Res.

 

 

Suntharalingam, P. and Michael B. McElroy, Uptake of carbon by the biosphere at northern

mid-latitudes: Is the sink in North America or Eurasia? Draft paper presented at UCE China

Project informal workshop, "Reconciling China's Economy, Energy, and Environment: From

Local Needs to International Responses." June 2-3.

 

2000

 

Spivakovsky, C.M., J.A. Logan, S. A. Montzka, Y.J. Balkanski, M. Foreman-Fowler, D.B.A.

Jones, L.W. Horowitz, A.C. Fusco, C.A.M. Brenninkmeijer, M.J. Prather, S.C.Wofsy, and M. B.

McElroy, Three-dimensional climatological distribution of tropospheric OH: Update and

evaluation, JGR, 105, 8931-8980.

 

 

Schneider, H. R., D. B. A. Jones, G.-Y. Shi, S. C. Wofsy, and M. B. McElroy, Analysis of residual

mean transport in the stratosphere. Part I: Model description and comparison with satellite data,

JGR, 105(D15), 19991-20011.

 

 

Schneider, H. R., D. B. A. Jones, S. C. Wofsy, and M. B. McElroy, Analysis of residual mean

transport in the stratosphere. Part II: Distributions of CO2 and Age, JGR, 105(D15), 20013-20024.

 

2002

Book

McElroy, M. B., The Atmospheric Environment: Effects of Human Activity,

Princeton University Press.

 

Wang, James S., M. B. McElroy, C. M. Spivakovsky, and D. B.A. Jones, On the contribution of anthropogenic Cl to the increase in δ13/C of atmospheric methane, submitted to

Global Biogeochemical Cycles.

2003

 

Suntharalingam, P., C.M. Spivakovsky, J.A. Logan and M.B. McElroy, Estimating the Distribution of Terrestrial CO2 Sources and Sinks from Atmospheric Measurements: Sensitivity to Configuration of the Observation Network, J. Geophys. Res., 108 (D15), 4452, doi:10.1029/2002JD002207.

 

2004

 

Wang, Y.X., M.B. McElroy, T. Wang, P.I. Palmer, Asian emissions of CO and NOx: constraints from aircraft and Chinese station data, J. Geophys. Res., 109,  D24304.

 

Wang, Y.X., M.B. McElroy, D.J. Jacob, R.M. Yantosca, A nested grid formulation for chemical transport over Asia: applications to CO, J. Geophys. Res., 109, D22307, doi:10.1029/2004jd005237.

 

Wang, J.S., J.A. Logan, M.B. McElroy, B.N. Duncan, I.A. Megretskaia, and R.M. Yantosca, A 3-D model analysis of the slowdown and interannual variability in the methane growth rate from 1988 to 1997, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 18, GB3011, doi:10.1029/2003GB002180.